Verb abdicate Definition and Examples



Definition as verb:


abdicate (third-person singular simple present abdicates, present participle abdicating, simple past and past participle abdicated)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a father his child; to disown; to disinherit.
  2. (transitive, reflexive, obsolete) To formally separate oneself from or to divest oneself of.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To depose.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To reject; to cast off; to discard.
  5. (transitive) To surrender, renounce or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office, station, dignity; to fail to fulfill responsibility for.
  6. (intransitive) To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity; to renounce sovereignty.
synonyms of "abdicate"

More definition: renounce or relinquish a throne, right, power, claim, responsibility, or the like, especially in a formal manner, The aging founder of the firm decided to abdicate. give up or renounce (authority, duties, an office, etc.), especially in a voluntary, public, or formal manner, King Edward VIII of England abdicated the throne in 193


1. to renounce (a throne, power, responsibility, rights, etc), esp formally Derived Formsabdicable (ˈæbdɪkəbəl) adjectiveabdication, nounabdicative (æbˈdɪkətɪv) adjectiveabdicator, noun Word OriginC16, from the past participle of Latin abdicāre to proclaim away, disclaimCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollinsPublishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Cite This Source
1540s, "to disown, disinherit (children)," from Latin abdicatus, past participle of abdicare "to disown, disavow, reject" (specifically abdicare magistratu "renounce office"), from ab- "away" (see ab-) + dicare "proclaim," from stem of dicere "to speak, to say" (see diction). Meaning "divest oneself of office" first recorded 1610s. Related, Abdicated; abdicating.


Further, at the close of 1798 they virtually compelled the young king of Sardinia, Charles Emmanuel IV., to abdicate at Turin.

Like his predecessor, he enjoyed the protection and support of the Polish king, Sigismund III., and was strong enough to ii., compel Shuiski to abdicate; but as soon as the throne was vacant Sigismund put forward as a candidate his own son, Wladislaus.

On Louis' death it refused to accept the papal conditions of pardon, and only yielded to Charles IV., the papal nominee, when Gunther of Schwarzburg thought it more prudent to abdicate in his favour.

Benedict XIII., who had on his part tried to call together a council at Perpignan, was by this time recognized hardly anywhere but in his native land, in Scotland, and in the estates of the countship of Armagnac. He remained none the less full of energy and of illusions, repulsed the overtures of Sigismund, king of the Romans, who had come to Perpignan to persuade him to abdicate, and, abandoned by nearly all his adherents, he took refuge in the impregnable castle of Peniscola, on a rock dominating the Mediterranean (1415).

After a short reign Shah Shuja was compelled to abdicate from his inability to repress the rising power of Fateh Khan, a Barakzai chief, and he took refuge first with Ranjit Singh, who then ruled the Punjab, and finally secured the protection of British power.

They were forced to abdicate (449 B.C.), and the ordinary magistrates were restored.

But his son proved unequal to his task, and in 1862 was forced to abdicate (see Otho, king of Greece).

The sympathy of Rumania with France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, and the consequent interruption of certain commercial undertakings, led to a hostile movement against Prince Charles, which, being fostered by Russia, made him resolve to abdicate; and it was with difficulty that he was persuaded to remain.

"Courts must never abdicate their duty to protect citizens from the abuse of power by governments," a senior judge said last night.

Edward VIII was the only British monarch who voluntarily abdicated the throne.

He agreed to abdicate and retire in favor of the next in line for the throne.

He abdicated the Portuguese crown in favor of his seven year old daughter, Maria da Glória of Portugal.

I want to abdicate the responsibility to deal with these acts in the correct manner.

Prince Rupert the Fifth had just abdicated and, for the first time in recorded history, every planet in the known universe aligned.

The King abdicated the throne on 10 December 1936 for his love for Wallis Simpson.

The Allies defeated Napoleon, entered Paris, forced Napoleon to abdicate, and sent him to the island of Elba, not depriving him of the title of Emperor and showing him every respect, though five years before and one year later they all regarded him as an outlaw and a brigand.

Learn More about abdicate

List of Verbs that Start with A-Z

List of Verbs that End with A-Z

List of Verbs by Length

3 letters4 letters5 letters6 letters7 letters8 letters9 letters10 letters11 letters12 letters