Verb abjure Definition and Examples



Definition as verb:


abjure (third-person singular simple present abjures, present participle abjuring, simple past and past participle abjured)

  1. (transitive) To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow. [2]
  2. (transitive, obsolete, historical) To cause one to renounce or recant. [2]
  3. (transitive) To reject with solemnity; to abandon forever; to repudiate; to disclaim. [2]
  4. (transitive) To abstain from; to avoid; to shun.

More definition: renounce, repudiate, or retract, especially with formal solemnity; recant, to abjure one's errors. renounce or give up under oath; forswear, to abjure allegiance. avoid or shun.

1. to renounce or retract, esp formally, solemnly, or under oath

2. to abstain from or reject Derived Formsabjuration, nounabjurer, noun Word OriginC15, from Old French abjurer or Latin abjurāre to deny on oathCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollinsPublishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Cite This Source
early 15c., from Middle French abjurer or directly from Latin abiurare "deny on oath," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + iurare "to swear," related to ius (genitive iuris) "law" (see jurist). Related, Abjured; abjuring.


In an old confession of faith, the convert is pledged to abjure the theft and robbery of cattle and the ravaging of villages inhabited by worshippers of Mazda (Yasna, 12, 2).

In 1832 Mehemet Ali gave him the dignity of bey without requiring him to abjure his religion; and in 1836 he received the rank of general, and was appointed head of the medical administration of the country.

When he came into the theatre the proconsul urged him to "revile Christ," and promised, if he would consent to abjure his faith, that he would set him at liberty.

"I write this," says he, in a letter to his friends at Prague, "in prison and in chains, expecting to-morrow to receive sentence of death, full of hope in God that I shall not swerve from the truth, nor abjure errors imputed to me by false witnesses."

He was condemned to abjure or be burnt; and preferring the former alternative, was committed to the Fleet prison and afterwards to the Austin Friars in London.

Yet even they did not abjure the " southern manner," and their work in it is matter of some critical significance, whatever may be said of its inferiority in spirit and craftsmanship.

At the council of Pisa, where he was compelled to abjure his errors and was sentenced to imprisonment.

When on the 7th of November 1793 Gobel, bishop of Paris, was intimidated into resigning his episcopal office at the bar of the Convention, Gregoire, who was temporarily absent from the sitting, hearing what had happened, hurried to the hall, and in the face of a howling mob of deputies refused to abjure either his religion or his office.

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