Verb cloister Definition and Examples


Verb:

cloister

Definition as verb:

Verb

cloister (third-person singular simple present cloisters, present participle cloistering, simple past and past participle cloistered)

  1. (intransitive) To become a Roman Catholic religious.
  2. (transitive) To confine in a cloister, voluntarily or not.
  3. (intransitive) To deliberately withdraw from worldly things.
  4. (transitive) To provide with (a) cloister(s).
  5. (transitive) To protect or isolate.

More definition:


1.a covered walk, especially in a religious institution, having an open arcade or colonnade usually opening onto a courtyard.

2.a courtyard, especially in a religious institution, bordered with such walks.

3.a place of religious seclusion, as a monastery or convent.

4.any quiet, secluded place.

5.life in a monastery or convent.


6.to confine in a monastery or convent.

7.to confine in retirement; seclude.

8.to furnish with a cloister or covered walk.

9.to convert into a monastery or convent.

1. a covered walk, usually around a quadrangle in a religious institution, having an open arcade or colonnade on the inside and a wall on the outside

2. (sometimes pl) a place of religious seclusion, such as a monastery

3. life in a monastery or convent verb

4. (transitive) to confine or seclude in or as if in a monastery Derived Formscloister-like, adjective Word OriginC13, from Old French cloistre, from Medieval Latin claustrum monastic cell, from Latin, bolt, barrier, from claudere to close; influenced in form by Old French cloison partitionCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollinsPublishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Cite This Source
early 13c., from Old French cloistre "monastery, convent; enclosure" (12c., Modern French cloître), from Medieval Latin claustrum "portion of monastery closed off to laity," from Latin claustrum (usually in plural, claustra) "place shut in, enclosure; bar, bolt, means of shutting in," from past participle stem of claudere (see close (v.))."The original purpose of cloisters was to afford a place in which the monks could take exercise and recreation" [Century Dictionary]. Spelling in French influenced by cloison "partition." Old English had clustor, clauster in the sense "prison, lock, barrier," directly from Latin, and cf. from the same source Dutch klooster, German Kloster, Polish klasztor.
c.1400 (implied in cloistered), from cloister (n.). Figurative use from c.1600. Related, Cloistered; cloistering.

Examples:

The choir opens into a beautiful cloister, the massive vaulting of which is supported on heavy piers adorned with statuary, between which intervene slender columns arranged in pairs and surmounted by delicately carved capitals.

Sanctuary or cloister, 21, Small rooms connected with service while the students sit of the mosque.

Besides the celebrated school of the Palace, where Alcuin had among his hearers the members of the imperial family and the dignitaries of the empire as well as talented youths of humbler origin, we hear of the episcopal schools of Lyons, Orleans and St Denis, the cloister schools of St Martin of Tours, of Fulda, Corbie, Fontenelle and many others, besides the older monasteries of St Gall and Reichenau.

A curious polygonal church of the i ith century at Rieux-Minervois, the abbey-church at St Papoul, with its graceful cloister of the 14th century, and the remains of the important abbey of St Hilaire, founded in the 6th century and rebuilt from the 12th to the 15th century, are also of antiquarian interest.

His cloister, sanctified by memories of St Antonine and adorned with the inspired paintings of Fra Angelico, seemed to him a fore-court of heaven.

The early palaces of Verona, before its conquest by Venice, were of noble and simple design, mostly built of fine red brick, with an inner court, surrounded on the ground floor by open arches like a cloister, as, for example, the Palazzo della Ragione, an assize court, begun in the r 2th century.

Educated in the Augustinian cloister at Fiesole, he was transferred in 1519 to the convent of St John of Verdara near Padua, where he graduated D.D.

Zwingli, moreover, never knew anything of those spiritual experiences which drove Luther into a cloister and goaded him to a feverish "searching of the Scriptures" in the hope of finding spiritual peace.

To the south of the church there is a cloister (latter half of the 15th century) with graceful arcades.

Entering the Cistercian cloister Bolbonne, and graduating doctor of theology at Paris, he became in 1311 abbot of Fontfroide, in 1317 bishop of Pamiers and in 1326 of Mirepoix.

The archbishop's palace and a Romanesque cloister adjoin the cathedral on its south side.

This has been mostly rebuilt, and but little now remains except ruins of some of the towers, a great part of the monks' dormitory and frater, and the splendid cloister, completed about 1200.

The cloister and monastic buildings lie to the south side of the church.



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